Introduction About Municipal Committee And Corporation:
The urban local government which works for the development of any Metropolitan City with a population of more than one million is known as the Municipal Corporation in India. The members of the Municipal Corporation are directly elected by the people and are called Councillors.
Municipal Committee And Corporation:
The Municipal Corporation consists of a committee which includes a Mayor with Councillors. The Corporations provide necessary community services to the Metropolitan Cities. The Mayor heads the Municipal Corporation. The corporation remains under the charge of Municipal Commissioner. The Executive Officers along with the Mayor and Councillors monitor and implement the programs related to planning the development of the corporation.
Election Procedure of Municipal Corporation:
The elections to the Municipal Corporations are conducted under the guidance, direction, superintendence and control of the State Election Commission. The corporations fall under the State government jurisdiction, therefore there are no uniform provisions for the election of the municipal bodies.
The Municipal Commissioner or Executive Officer shall be responsible to implement the resolutions of the council and the committees, and exercise such powers and perform such functions as provided in the Act or the rules made thereunder.
The governor of a state has the power to notify any area as a smaller urban area for which a municipal council must be set up. Usually, factors such as the population or the economic importance of such an area are considerations for creating a municipal council. Members of municipal councils are usually elected directly, and the number of members in a particular council is decided in proportion to the population of that area.
Municipal Corporation has to provide and maintain sanitation, health services, water supply, electricity, roads, markets, education etc.
Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students
Grade : 4
Subject : Evs
Lesson : Municipal Committee and Co-Operation
Topic: Municipal Committee and Co-Operation
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