Introduction to Good Habits:
Very important health factors are: diet, exercise, rest, tobacco use, alcohol use, stress management, periodic examinations, sleep, vaccinations and safety. Food provides energy for day to day living. Food is essential for all the living organisms.. Food helps the body to function normally.
A Wide Variety of Nutritious Foods:
- Plenty of vegetables of different types and colours, and legumes/beans
- Grain (cereal) foods, mostly wholegrain and/or high cereal fibre varieties, such as breads, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles, polenta, couscous, oats, quinoa and barley
- Lean meats and poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts and seeds, and legumes/beans
- Milk, yoghurt, cheese and/or their alternatives, mostly reduced fat (reduced fat milks are not suitable for children under the age of 2 years).
Control of Food:
Limit intake of foods containing saturated fat, added salt, added sugars and alcohol. a. Limit intake of foods high in saturated fat such as many biscuits, cakes, pastries, pies, processed meats, commercial burgers, pizza, fried foods, potato chips, crisps and other savoury snacks.
Eating for health and well being is about choosing foods from the Five Food Groups every day, while limiting foods that are not essential to our health.
Milk, yogurt and cheese provide calcium needed for healthy bones and teeth. Calcium is important during the teenage growth spurt and also for older adults. However foods on this shelf, especially full-fat cheese, can be high in saturated fat – so choose lower fat cheese regularly.
Exercise has both physical and psychological benefits. It improves breathing, circulation, digestion and general muscle tone and condition, while decreasing feelings of anxiety and depression. Exercise offers a way to rid the body of tension and excess stress.Regular exercise is essential for good health. It tones the muscles, strengthens the bones, and makes the heart and lungs work better. Exercise also helps to relieve stress. Hand washing is vital in preventing contamination of food by food handlers. It’s very important to keep your kitchen counters and other food preparation areas clean, especially when preparing high-risk food items like meat, poultry and eggs.
Drinking water throughout the day (one glass every 20-30 minutes) will help your body function at optimal levels. Drinking abundant water can have rejuvenating effects, can improve memory and concentration, it can reduce joint pain, chronic fatigue and allergy symptoms, it can also reduce the risk of cancer by 50 to 80%.
Cook foods thoroughly:
This is especially important for red meat, poultry and eggs, which are considered high-risk foods.
Healthy sleep habits can make a big difference in your quality of life. Having healthy sleep habits is often referred to as having good “sleep hygiene.” Try to go to sleep and get up at the same time every day. Sticking to a consistent sleep-wake schedule helps set your body’s internal clock and optimize the quality of your sleep. Start by setting a realistic bedtime that will work with your lifestyle.
Adequate rest is critical to good health. Many of us do not get enough sleep. In fact, the average American gets one hour less sleep per night than a body needs. Poor sleep habits contribute to failing school and job performance, accidents, memory loss, mental health problems, physical diseases and weight gain.
Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students
Grade : 1
Subject : Evs
Lesson : Good Habits
Topic: Good Habits
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