Introduction to Food Resources:
Food provides energy for day to day living. Food is essential for all the living organisms.. Food helps the body to function normally. Some of the foods come from animals and other foods come from plants.
Food Essential to Health:
Eating for health and well being is about choosing foods from the Five Food Groups every day, while limiting foods that are not essential to our health.
Milk, yogurt and cheese provide calcium needed for healthy bones and teeth. Calcium is important during the teenage growth spurt and also for older adults. However foods on this shelf, especially full-fat cheese, can be high in saturated fat – so choose lower fat cheese regularly.
Healthy Food And Regular Exercise:
Regular exercise is essential for good health. It tones the muscles, strengthens the bones, and makes the heart and lungs work better. Exercise also helps to relieve stress. Hand washing is vital in preventing contamination of food by food handlers. It’s very important to keep your kitchen counters and other food preparation areas clean, especially when preparing high-risk food items like meat, poultry and eggs.
Food and drink give energy needs for the important processes of life such as breathing or growing. But it also gives energy for activities like walking, running or just talking. Whether a person is rushing around, or just taking it easy and relaxing, their body is using energy.
Milk and milk products are convenient and nutritious foods which provide protein, carbohydrates and fat for energy and growth. They also contain vitamins and minerals such as calcium necessary for strong bones and teeth.
Protective foods protect us from falling ill. Some examples of protective foods are fruits, vegetables, etc. Plants and animals interact with each other in the environment. They also interact with the environment itself. The plants and animals depend on each other.
Animals and humans depend on plants. Animals need food, protection and shelter.
Plants are the main source of food for humans. Plants unlike humans and animals manufacture their own food. They do so by the process known as photosynthesis by use of sunlight.
Fruit and vegetables provide fibre. They also provide many important vitamins and minerals and are low in calories. Fresh, local fruit and vegetables in season are best and can be very good value. Eat a variety of coloured fruit and vegetables – green, yellow, orange, red and purple in order to benefit from the variety of vitamins and minerals provided by each colour group. Include a vitamin C rich fruit each day such as an orange or orange juice, strawberries or blackberries. Count fruit juice and smoothies as only one serving each day as they may be low in fibre.
Advantage Of Good Food:
Drinking water throughout the day (one glass every 20-30 minutes) will help your body function at optimal levels. Drinking abundant water can have rejuvenating effects, can improve memory and concentration, it can reduce joint pain, chronic fatigue and allergy symptoms, it can also reduce the risk of cancer by 50 to 80%
Things to Keep in mind:
Some foods need to be kept in the fridge to help stop bacteria growing. These include foods with a “use-by” date, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods, such as desserts and cooked meats.
No food lasts forever, however well it is stored. Most pre-packed foods carry either a “use-by” or a “best before” date. It’s particularly important to store meat safely in the fridge to stop bacteria from spreading and avoid food poisoning.
- Always wash your food, hands, counters and cooking tools.
- Keep raw foods to themselves. Germs can spread from one food to another.
- Cook Foods need to get hot and stay hot. Heat kills germs.
Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students
Grade : 4
Subject : Evs
Lesson : Food
Topic: FOOD AND US
Visit www.oztern.com to find personalized test preparation solutions for Pre Medical – AIPMT, AIIMS, JIPMER, State, Pre Engineering – IIT JEE, JEE MAIN, BITSAT, State and Foundations – Class 6 to 10.