Introduction to Food and Cleanliness:
Eating healthy food and being physically active are two of the most important steps to improve health. Healthy eating is about getting the correct amount of nutrients – protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals to maintain good health.
Eating for health and wellbeing is about choosing foods from the Five Food Groups every day, while limiting foods that are not essential to our health.
Milk, yogurt and cheese provide calcium needed for healthy bones and teeth. Calcium is important during the teenage growth spurt and also for older adults. However foods on this shelf, especially full-fat cheese, can be high in saturated fat – so choose lower fat cheese regularly.
Type of Food:
Cook foods thoroughly: This is especially important for red meat, poultry andeggs, which are considered high-risk foods.
Food and drink give energy needs for the important processes of life such as breathing or growing. But it also gives energy for activities like walking, running or just talking. Whether a person is rushing around, or just taking it easy and relaxing, their body is using energy.
Milk and milk products are convenient and nutritious foods which provide protein, carbohydrates and fat for energy and growth. They also contain vitamins and minerals such as calcium necessary for strong bones and teeth.
Protective foods protect us from falling ill. Some examples of protective foods are fruits, vegetables, etc. Plants and animals interact with each other in the environment. They also interact with the environment itself.Plants are the main source of food for humans. Plants unlike humans and animals manufacture their own food. They do so by the process known as photosynthesis by use of sunlight.
Fruit and vegetables provide fibre. They also provide many important vitamins and minerals and are low in calories. Fresh, local fruit and vegetables in season are best and can be very good value. Eat a variety of coloured fruit and vegetables – green, yellow, orange, red and purple in order to benefit from the variety of vitamins and minerals provided by each colour group. Include a vitamin C rich fruit each day such as an orange or orange juice, strawberries or blackberries. Count fruit juice and smoothies as only one serving each day as they may be low in fibre.
Food handlers have a responsibility to ensure their personal hygiene does not make food unsafe in any way. Practising correct hygiene techniques also shows customers that their wellbeing has been considered and may encourage business. Correct hygiene techniques include:
- Tying long hair back and wearing a hair net to prevent hair getting into food.
- Keeping fingernails clean and trimmed with no nail polish.
- Moving away from food if you need to cough or sneeze, washing hands with soap and warm water, and drying with paper towel before handling food again.
- Removing jewellery and your watch as these can harbour bacteria.
- Ensuring your hands are washed before working with food, after handing raw food, and after visiting the toilet.
Grade : 1
Subject : Evs
Lesson : Food and Cleanliness
Topic: Food and Cleanliness
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