Introduction About Festivals Seasons:
A festival can be a program of cultural events, celebrations or entertainment conducted by a person, group, organization or association. It is a celebration of cultural values. Remembering historical events and is a time for families, neighbourhoods and nations to come together.
Cultural And Traditional Festivals:
There are lots of cultural and traditional festivals celebrated by the people of Hindu religion all over the world. The numerous and varied festivals that are held throughout the year offer a unique way of seeing Indian culture at its best.
Celebrating the anniversary of India’s establishment as a Republic 26th January 1950, all the state capitals resound with the beating of drums and parading of the army. Delhi, the national capital of India has the grandest parades, displaying India’s strength in terms of the armed forces and weapons. These are followed by floats and dancers from all parts of the country.
Children’s Day – 14th November :
14th of November (birthday of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru) has been set to celebrate as children’s day all over the India. 14th of November is the birth date of the first Indian prime minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Children’s Day is celebrated to increase the awareness of people towards the rights, care and education of children. Children are the key of success and development of the country as they would lead their country in different and new technological way.
Since 1962, India has been celebrating Teachers’ Day on 5th September as a symbol of tribute and honor to the contribution made by teachers to the society. The day marks as a day of gratitude and respect to the selfless efforts of teachers.
Gandhi Jayanthi :
A solemn celebration marking the birth date of Gandhiji, the father of the nation, includes prayer meetings at the Raj Ghat where he was cremated.
Religious Festivals shows the religious association of people with the festival. The major religious festivals includes Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Diwali, Krishna Janamastami, Durga-Puja, Dussehra, Maha Shivaratri, Eid, Christmas, Easter, Buddha Purnima, Mahavir Jayanti, etc.
Diwali is a five day festival that represents the start of the Hindu New Year. It’s known as the “Festival of Lights” for all the fireworks, small clay lamps, and candles that are lit during the celebrations. These lights are said to represent the victory of good over evil, and brightness over darkness. The candlelight makes Diwali a very warm and atmospheric festival, and it’s observed with much joy and happiness.
The spectacular eleven day Ganesh Chaturthi festival honors the birth of the beloved Hindu elephant-headed god, Lord Ganesha. The start of the festival sees huge, elaborately crafted statutes of Ganesha installed in homes and podiums, which have been especially constructed and beautifully decorated.
The Indians celebrate Durga Puja with great enthusiasm. Diwali or Dipavali, a festival of lamps or light is another excellent festival. This festival is noted for display of fireworks. Vasant Panchami, Ganesh Chaturthi, Pongal, Ratha-yatra or Chariot festival, Sivaratri, Raksha Bandhan and many other Hindu festivals are observed all over India with vigor of mirth and gaiety.
The Muslims celebrate three great festivals – Muharram, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Zuha and also Fateha Doaz-Daham.
The Christians observe Christmas, the holy birthday of Lord Jesus Christ; the Sikhs observe Guru Nanak’s birth day. Buddha Purnima and Mahavir Jayanati are observed respectively by the Buddhists and the Jains.
This is one of the most exuberant festivals and also the most colorful. It heralds the advent of spring and the end of winters. It is celebrated by throwing colored water and powder at each other. On the eve of Holi, bonfires are built to symbolize the destruction of the evil demon Holika.
Festivals of Indian states occurs at the time of main harvest of a the region and people. The 28 states of India celebrated its own Harvest festivalat various times throughout the year. Major Harvest festivals in India are Makara Sankranti which is also known as Pongal,Uttarayana,Lohri,Poush Parbon and Bhogali Bihu.
Bhaiya Duj is the festival that is celebrated on the fifth day of Diwali and it falls on second day after Diwali that is on ‘Shukla Paksha Dwitiya’ in the Hindi month of ‘Kartik’. ‘Dwitiya’ means ‘Duj’ or the second day after the new moon.
Dussehra or Vijayadashmi:
Dussehra or Navratri is one of the most popular festivals of India. Dussehra is the anniversary of the victory of Goddess Durga over the buffalo-headed demon, Mahishasura, giving the goddess her name Mahishasura-Mardini (the slayer of Mahishasura).
It is a festival of Muslim culture; they celebrate mainly two festival, i.e., Eid-ul-Fitr (Feast of Breaking of Fast) and Eid-ul-Adha (Feast of sacrifice). The Eid festivals are those festivals which unfold love and happiness to near and dear ones.
Pongal / Makar Sankranti :
In Tamil Nadu, 14th of January is celebrated every year as the Pongal Day. In many part of India, this day is celebrated as Makar Sankranti. This festival is marked with prosperity and abundance. On this day, freshly harvested cereals and foods are cooked. On the day of Makar Sankaranti, people worship the Sun God.
Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students
Grade : 4
Subject : Evs
Lesson : Our Festivals
Topic: Our Festivals
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