Introduction to Emergency Care :
First Aid is an immediate and temporary care given to a victim of an accident or sudden illness before the services of a physician is obtained. It is important to cultivate safety habits. Emergency procedures need to be in place and need to be followed. Being prepared and knowing what to do in an emergency can make a difference in the safety of yourself and others.
Emergency Care :
First Aid for Burns :
Mass trauma and disasters such as explosions and fires can cause a variety of serious injuries, including burns. These can include thermal burns, which are caused by contact with flames, hot liquids, hot surfaces, and other sources of high heat as well as chemical burns and electrical burns. It is vital that people understand how to behave safely in mass trauma and fire situations, as well as comprehend basic principles of first aid for burn victims. For burns, immediate care can be lifesaving.
Provide Prompt, Proper First Aid for First- and Second-Degree Burns and Electrical Burns:
- Cut away loose clothing from the burn area, but don’t touch clothing that’s stuck to the burn.
- Don’t rub the body.
- Place the burned body part in cold water or apply wrapped ice packs.
- Cover burns with clean cloth or dressing.
- Elevate burned limbs.
- Provide aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve pain
- DON’T use butter, petroleum jelly, ointments, or unwrapped ice on a burn.
- If a blister breaks, wash gently with soap and water and then cover with an antibiotic cream and sterile bandage.
First Aid for Nose Bleeding :
Nosebleeds are very common. They can occur at any age but are twice as common in children. Most nosebleeds are harmless and do not require treatment.
Nosebleeds usually happen when a small blood vessel inside the nose lining bursts and bleeds. The lining of the nose has lots of tiny blood vessels, which warm the air as it enters the nose. This lining is very fragile and may break easily, causing bleeding.
Simple First Aid Steps:
- Stay calm. If a child has a nose bleed then reassure them. Crying will make the bleeding worse.
- Sit upright and bend forward slightly. Use the thumb and forefinger to pinch the nose. Squeeze firmly over the soft part of the nose just above the nostrils. Hold for 10 minutes and then release the grip slowly. You may have to repeat this step until the bleeding stops.
- Do not keep checking whether the bleeding has stopped because the blood needs time to clot.
- Do not blow your nose once the bleeding has stopped otherwise it may bleed again.
- Breathe through your mouth while the nostrils are pinched.
- Spit out any blood that comes into your mouth. Do not swallow the blood.
- It may help to put a cold pack or cold cloth over your forehead or the bridge of the nose.
First-Aid Measures for Snakebites:
- Remove the victim from the vicinity of the snake. This will prevent multiple bites.
- Remove any rings, watches, or bracelets if bitten on an upper extremity.
- Have the victim lie down and/or remain calm.
- Try to identify or secure the snake IF this can be done safely and quickly. Do not handle the snake. 5. Immobilize the extremity.
- Do not give the victim anything to eat or drink, especially alcohol.
- First-aid measures at the time of the envenomation have included a variety of techniques now considered dangerous and/or obsolete.
- Transport the victim to a hospital monitoring the pulse, blood pressure, and respiration. Do not apply ice or immerse in ice water under any circumstances; this markedly increases the risk of sloughing and necrosis and may be more dangerous than the bite itself.
- Do not administer snake antivenin without seeking the assistance/advice of a physician who is familiar with antivenin use.
Useful for CBSE, ICSE, NCERT & International Students
Grade : 4
Subject : Evs
Lesson :First aid and home remedies
Topic: EMERGENCY CARE AND HOME REMEDIES
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